>> back to Pest I.D. main page <<
Mice & Rats
"Mice & Rats . . ."The adult mouse and rat are characterized by two pairs of incisor teeth. The house mouse is smaller than a rat but can be differentiated from a young rat by a smaller head and hind feet and a tail longer than the body. They are pests because of the damage they can do to food and property and the diseases associated with them. These rodents can gnaw through electrical cables resulting in structural fires. Contamination of human food and animal feed with rodent droppings and urine is also a health concern. Parasites such as fleas and mites associated with rodents can also attack humans resulting in disease transmission.
“The House Mouse…” The adult mouse is usually brownish grey with a grey abdomen. They are 6 to 7 inches in overall length, tail included. Maturity is reached in 6 weeks and life span is about 1 year. A female may bear as many as 8 litters of 5 or 6 young if food and shelter are plentiful. Mouse droppings are rod or spindle-shaped and ¼ inch long.
“The Norway Rat…” The Norway rat is usually has a brownish-grey back with a greyish-white belly. They are 12 to 18 inches long, tail included. A female reaches maturity in 3 months and life span is about 1 year. A female may bear 7 litters per year of 5 to 12 young. Normally, the rat lives at or near ground level. It nests in burrows, under buildings, in rubbish and under lumber. Rat droppings are ¾ inch long and one rat may drop 40 to 140 each day.
The mouse and rat will live outdoors however, each fall many (especially mice) will make their way into homes and other structures where warmth and food are plentiful. The tell tale sign of infestations are: droppings, chewed paper, cardboard or plastic food containers and noises in the night. There are 4 primary methods of controlling mouse or rat infestations:
Our “Mouse and Rat Control Programs” are highly successful and will eliminate and control problems. The program selected will be based on a thorough inspection of your premises and based on your requirements. Baiting Programs are very popular and most effective. Mice or rats eat the strategically placed bait and eventually perish. Baiting programs ensure new rodent introductions are controlled. Snap Traps and Glue Boards are moderately effective, require close monitoring so dead mice can be discarded. Live Traps, as well, are, moderately effective and time consuming, as traps must be checked regularly to remove trapped rodents.